WHAT ARE FIBROMYALGIA MEDICATIONS AND HOW SUCCESSFUL ARE THEY?
Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain disorder characterized by severe and widespread musculoskeletal pain accompanied with fatigue, sleep, memory and mood issues. Researchers believe that fibromyalgia amplifies painful sensations by affecting the way your brain processes pain signals.
It is imperative to state it in a clear term here that there is no exact cure for fibromyalgia. Fibromyalgia medications are only medications that treat fibromyalgia syndromes. There are various medications used to treat fibromyalgia syndromes simply called FMS. This is because there are also various symptoms of fibromyalgia. These medications include but are not limited to analgesics, sleeping pills and antidepressants. As some of these medications help ease pain, others boost mood and improve sleep. Working with your doctor will help in finding the right fibromyalgia medication to add to your treatment regimen for effective management of your symptoms.
This is the first medication doctors usually try for people with fibromyalgia. Antidepressants help relieve pain, fatigue and sleep problems. In June 2007, Lyrica (pregamblin) became the first FDA-approved drug for the specific treatment of fibromyalgia. The following year, 2008, Cymbalta (duloxetine hydrochloride) became the second and Savella (milnacipran hydrochloride) became the third in the subsequent year respectively. These antidepressants help to treat anxiety or depression associated with fibromyalgia. Older depressants like tricyclics have been previously used for many years. Though, these drugs are exceptionally effective and successful, it has been found to have some side effects and cause adverse reactions in some individuals.
- Antiseizure drugs.
Gabapentin (Neurontin) was designed to treat epilepsy but it has been found to reduce symptoms in people with fibromyalgia. The US Food and Drug Administration also approved pregabalin (Lyrica) for the treatment of fibromyalgia. This is very successful in the treatment of fibromyalgia.
Analgesics are group of drugs that relieve pain. They are also called pain killer. This is also one of the potent fibromyalgia medications. Your doctor may recommend over-the-counter pain relievers, such as Ibuprofen (Advil) or acetaminophen (Tylenol). Prescription versions, such as tramadol (Ultram) may be used in extreme cases like avascular necrosis of the femoral head. They are used sparingly to reduce the risk of side effects and dependence.
- Physical therapy.
This is also a useful fibromyalgia medication. It is undergoing aerobic exercise like swimming or walking. Researchers believe it is a way of controlling fibromyalgia pain and managing its symptoms generally.
- Muscle relaxant.
Cyclobenzaprine is also a fibromyalgia medication. It is usually used along with rest and physical therapy. Low doses of the muscle relaxant taken at bed time, help people with fibromyalgia sleep better and feel less pain, according to a small study. “Bedtime treatment of fibromyalgia patients with low-dose cyclobenzaprine was safe and appears to be effective,” says Seth Lederman, MD, president of TONIX Pharmaceuticals, which funded the study.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
As the name implies, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, including aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen sodium are used to treat inflammation. Although inflammation is not a symptom of fibromyalgia, NSAIDs also relieve pain. They work by inhibiting substances in the body called prostaglandins, which play a role in pain and inflammation. These medications, some of which are available without prescription, may help ease the muscle aches of fibromyalgia. They may also relieve menstrual cramps and the headaches often associated with fibromyalgia.
This is also known as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). It has to do with training the mind on what to do and what not to do. This has been found to be successful in most individuals and it has no side effects.